In 1976, Alex Haley published his Pulitzer Prize winning book, Roots: The Saga of an American Family. The story chronicles the history of Haley's ancestors, starting in 1767 when an African man, Kunta Kinte, was kidnapped in Gambia, brought to the U.S., and sold into slavery.
A year after the book was published, it was adapted as a television miniseries that reached a record 130 million viewers. I watched the entire series from the gym floor along with my entire 6th-grade class. And it was brutally realistic in its depiction of life as a slave. In one particularly horrific scene, his master repeatedly whipped Kunta Kinte because he refused to accept his slave name of 'Toby.'
Well, later that school year, our class went on a field trip. I was lucky enough – or so I thought at the time – to get to ride on the one and only school bus that had a radio. It was quite a treat to be listening to the local rock and roll station with all of my friends at nine o'clock in the morning instead of sitting in class. But after a while, it got harder to hear the music over the loud conversation. I tried several times to get the bus driver (an African-American man in his late forties) to turn up the volume. But I couldn't get his attention. But I knew if I could shout out his name, he would probably notice me better. But I didn't know his name. So I asked the boy sitting to my right if he knew. He said with an awkward smile, "Sure. His name is Toby."
Well, being the naive 10-year-old that I was, I believed him. So, I shouted at the top of my lungs, "Hey Toby! Turn up the radio!" The radio snapped off immediately. The driver slammed on the brakes, and the bus lurched to a stop as he pulled off the road. A hush fell over the cabin, and every eye turned to me with a harsh stare. Through the over-sized rear-view mirror at the front of the bus, I could see the driver glaring at me with a look of anger and disgust I'd never seen in my short life.
I knew immediately I had done something terribly wrong. But I honestly had no idea what it was. All I could come up with was that perhaps I hadn't asked nicely enough. So with as pleasant a tone as I could muster, I asked again, "Toby. . . would you please turn up the radio?"
Well, of course, that made things worse. A few muffled gasps filled the otherwise painful silence. I frantically searched the faces of my classmates for help and support, but mostly for an explanation. None of them held any answers – only the same horrified expression. None of them, that is, except for one – the boy sitting immediately to my right. His face had a mischievously satisfied smile that gave me the answer I was looking for.
I knew in an instant I had been duped – the driver's name wasn't really Toby. A sickening feeling hit the pit of my stomach as I realized what a horrible thing I had just done. How humiliating must it have been for that driver to have a ten-year-old boy disrespect him in such a degrading manner in front of a bus full of children? And then, for that boy to unapologetically repeat the insult a second time! It was the first time in my life that I truly knew what it felt like to be ashamed.
When we got to our destination, I slithered off the bus without saying a word. I was too embarrassed and immature to even make eye contact with the driver, much less apologize to him. I called my mother from a payphone and begged her to come to pick me up at the end of the day, so I wouldn't have to ride the same bus back to school.
Now, I suppose I learned three lessons that day. First, from the unforgettable pain, I saw in my bus driver's eyes, I learned to appreciate a little of what it must be like to be an African American man in a small Southern town in the 1970s.
Second, as a result of what I said, I learned how easy it could be to offend someone if you're not careful. But third, and perhaps most importantly, as a result of what I did not say, I learned the importance of admitting your mistakes early and apologizing for them. How much better it would have been for me (and the driver) if I'd had just the courage to say, "I'm sorry."
So, if you've noticed that your child rarely apologizes for anything or doesn't ask forgiveness, share this story with them. Then have a conversation about it. Here are some questions to get you started.
Why do you think the bus driver was insulted by being called 'Toby'?
How would the story have ended if I had simply apologized to the bus driver?
Other than, "I'm sorry," what do you think I should have said to the bus driver?
If I had done that, would I have slithered off the bus or needed to call my mom for a ride home?
Can you think of a situation where it would be better not to apologize for something you did wrong?
Okay, in the next lesson, we'll continue our discussion of forgiveness and apologies with a story from a 9-year-old boy from Missouri.